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  • Seek truth and report it – Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair. Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.
  • Minimize harm – Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect.
  • Act independently – The highest and primary obligation of ethical journalism is to serve the public.
  • Be accountable and transparent – Ethical journalism means taking responsibility for one's work and explaining one's decisions to the public.


< 2.4. Incentivize Desired Behavior | 2.6. Process Improvement >


  1. FIRST, "Ethics SIG," [Online]. Available: [Accessed 17 May 2017].
  2. Association for Computing Machinery, "ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct," 16 October 1992. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 17 May 2017].
  3. USENIX, "System Administrators' Code of Ethics," 30 September 2003. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 17 May 2017].
  4. American Press Institute, "What is the purpose of journalism?" [Online]. Available: [Accessed 17 May 2017].
  5. Society of Professional Journalists, "SPJ Code of Ethics," 6 September 2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 17 May 2017].